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demographics News Archive

In a paper they prepared for Ohio City Incorporated, Richey Piiparinen and Jim Russell said that Cleveland has suffered from a lack of demographic churn. Their research found that Greater Cleveland's outmigration rate was normal, but its inmigration rate was well below average. They also said the way population is growing in downtown Cleveland and its surrounding neighborhoods presents an opportunity to "position the city to be a model in the development of the equitable, integrated neighborhood." In The Plain Dealer, an editorial called for "more collaborative and comprehensive private-public effort", and Piiparinen summarized his recommendations in an op-ed.

The Annie E. Casey Foundation's annual Kids Count report showed that poverty remains an issue for Ohio's children. In 2011, 24% of Ohio children lived in poverty, up from 19% in 2005.

Population estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau showed that Asian Americans were the country's fastest-growing ethnic group in 2012. The estimates also showed that for the first time, more white Americans are dying than being born, and that the nation is poised to become a minority majority country by 2050, sooner than predicted. Asian Americans were also the fastest-growing ethnic group in Ohio.

The U.S. Census Bureau published its annual population estimates for incorporated places, covering the period between July 2011 and July 2012. The data showed that the nation's large cities grew faster than their suburbs for the second consecutive year and experienced accelerated growth rates. The figures also showed that the fastest-growing large cities were in the South and West.

All of Ohio's major cities, with the exception of Columbus, lost population between 2011 and 2012. Cleveland's estimated population fell from 392,694 to 390,928, a 0.4% decrease. Figures for all Cuyahoga County communities are available.

In their new book, Confronting Suburban Poverty in America, co-authors Elizabeth Kneebone and Alan Berube "paint a new picture of poverty in America as well as the best ways to combat it." The book explores the reasons behind the growth of suburban poverty in the United States and offers examples of promising policy models to address the issue. Their research presents profiles of metropolitan areas, including Greater Cleveland (PDF), and they highlight the challenges facing the City of Lakewood. Meanwhile, the Urban Institute posted a mapping tool that displays changes in poverty and race in metropolitan areas between 1980 and 2010.

The Plain Dealer's Steven Litt drew connections between a series of seemingly-unrelated headlines to outline the "compelling overall narrative" of Northeast Ohio as a region "at odds with itself as it tries to figure out how to meet the 21st century."

The U.S. Census Bureau released its annual population estimates for counties and metropolitan areas. For the period between July 2011 and July 2012, population shifts returned to pre-recession patterns, with the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the South and West, and the slowest-growing in the Northeast and Midwest. The Cleveland metropolitan area was the slowest-growing large metropolitan area in the country, and Cuyahoga County's loss of 4,872 people was the nation's second-largest numeric population decline. However, the 0.38% drop in Cuyahoga County was its smallest annual decline in 15 years. Franklin County's 1.38% growth rate was the fastest in Ohio, and Geauga and Medina counties also gained population.

A report from the Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development at Case Western Reserve University examined the mobility of young and middle-age adults in Greater Cleveland. It concluded that the young adult population has grown in Cleveland's inner core, some second-tier neighborhoods in Cleveland, and in certain inner-ring suburbs. The Plain Dealer used the research as the basis of a January article, and the paper's Brent Larkin discussed it in the context of population decline.

The Ohio Association of Community Action Agencies' State of Poverty 2012 report (PDF) employs graphics and case studies to illustrate the effects of poverty in Ohio. The report says that 1.8 million Ohioans live below the federal poverty line and that the number of Ohioans in poverty grew by 57.7% between 1999 and 2011.

Research from the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland summarized changes in concentrated poverty over the last decade. The analysis indicated that concentrated poverty tended to highest in northern cities. WKSU's M.L. Schultze spoke with Dionissi Aliprantis, the report's lead researcher. An Akron Beacon Journal editorial said that the two reports "offer a grim perspective on the toll the economic downturn has taken in Ohio."

Update: the state Office of Research also published a report on poverty in Ohio (PDF).

State population estimates released by the U.S. Census Bureau show that Ohio's population grew by 3,218 residents between July 2011 and July 2012, a growth rate of 0.03%. Only West Virginia, Rhode Island, and Vermont had lower growth rates. The nation's population increased by 2.3 million people, to 313.9 million, a growth rate of 0.75%. A Dayton Daily News analysis says that Ohio will likely soon see population losses.

A report from the Asian American Center for Advancing Justice presents demographic information and policy recommendations about Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders in 12 Midwest states. A Community of Contrasts (PDF) includes a section on the seven-county Greater Cleveland area. Between 2000 and 2010, Asian-Americans were the area's fastest-growing racial group, and represented its only majority foreign-born racial group. Asian Services In Action, Inc. has additional demographic data.

The U.S. Census Bureau released findings from the 2011 American Community Survey. The one-year estimates feature data on more than 40 topics for all counties and places with populations of 65,000 or more. The Census Bureau also published several briefs on specific topics. Between 2010 and 2011 at the national level, the number of people in poverty grew, income inequality increased, and median household incomes declined. Elizabeth Kneebone of the Brookings Institution examined the patterns by metropolitan area. In Ohio, median household income decreased and poverty rates rose, remaining high in the state's largest cities. Cuyahoga County experienced a slight decrease in median household income and a slight drop in its percentage of families in poverty.

The U.S. Census Bureau published population estimates for the nation's incorporated cities and towns. The data covers changes between April 2010 and July 2011. For the first time since the 1920s, population grew faster in the nation's large cities than in their suburbs, with central cities growing at an average of 1.1% and their suburbs at 0.9%, Both the City of Cleveland and its suburbs lost population, with the City shrinking more quickly. Cleveland's population fell from 396,815 to an estimated 393,806, a decrease of 3,009.

Update: population estimates for all Cuyahoga County communities are available.

NPR's Morning Edition aired a report about downtown Cleveland and the way it is attracting new residents and businesses, and downtown residents later shared their stories on WCPN's Sound of Ideas. Meanwhile, Rob Pitingolo examined some metropolitan area migration trends for Cleveland, Detroit, and Pittsburgh.

The U.S. Census Bureau's release of metropolitan area and county population estimates showed a trend of population growth in core counties and decreases in exurban counties. Cuyahoga County's estimated population fell from 1,278,000 in July 2010 to 1,270,294 in July 2011. It was one of only two counties with a population greater than 1 million people to register a decrease. Of Ohio's six large urban counties, only Franklin and Montgomery counties showed growth. The Census Bureau also released Census 2010 Summary File 2 data for Ohio. It includes detailed population and housing data by race and ethnicity.

Richey Piiparinen of the Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development at CWRU researched the demographic trends of downtown Cleveland and its surrounding neighborhoods, and found promising signs. Geographer Jim Russell concurred with his conclusions.

Update: the Plain Dealer looked at the figures.

A new report from the Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development at Case Western Reserve University looked at changes in poverty rates in Northeast Ohio communities between 2000 and 2010. The figures reflect rising poverty across the region and the growth of suburban poverty.

Update: the Plain Dealer reported on the poverty figures.

A new paper from Cleveland State University researchers examines conditions in four distressed suburbs of older industrial cities, including East Cleveland. It "includes discussions of lessons learned from the four cities on housing and community development, concentrated poverty, trust in government, anchor institutions, education, local government capacity, regional collaboration, and state programs."

The U.S. Census Bureau released state population estimates that cover the period between April 1, 2010 and July 1, 2011. They are the first estimates published since the official 2010 Census results. The 0.92% increase in U.S. population was the lowest annual growth rate since the mid-1940s. Ohio's 0.07% growth rate was among the lowest in the nation.

Researchers are the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland examined changes in population densities within metropolitan areas and asked whether they correlated with productivity. They used Greater Cleveland as an example, and said that "evidence suggests that denser MSAs are more productive."

(via Rust Wire)

The U.S. Census Bureau released its second annual set of five-year American Community Survey estimates. The release provides detailed socio-economic data covering the period from 2006 to 2010. It showed decreasing household incomes and a growing income gap.

The Fund for Our Economic Future issued its sixth annual Dashboard of Economic Indicators. It "measures the region's economic performance in the context of a slow-growth, fragile, post-recession economy."

The Center for Community Solutions issued a set of 20 heath, social, and economic indicators for 16 Northeast Ohio counties through its Northeast Ohio Regional Indicators and Objectives initiative.

Update: the Plain Dealer looked at the income inequality indicator and the region's rising disparity.

Researchers at the Brookings Institution analyzed U.S. Census Bureau data and found that concentrated poverty increased over the past decade, and that it nearly doubled in Midwestern metropolitan areas. They added that "the picture today likely looks quite a bit worse than much of [the] report reflects." The five-county Greater Cleveland area saw an 8.0% increase in its concentrated poverty rate and the City of Cleveland experienced a 13.1% increase.

The U.S. Census Bureau published three-year American Community Survey estimates. The release includes data on more than 40 topics. The Plain Dealer used the information to compile statistics on the ethnic backgrounds of residents in Northeast Ohio cities.

The New York Times used Greater Cleveland as an example of the increasing suburbanization of poverty. The authors of a new Brookings Institution report said that the shift in housing voucher usage "shouldn't be a huge surprise."

A new report from the Brookings Institution examined the increasing use of housing vouchers in suburban areas across the United States. Of the nation's 100 largest metropolitan areas, the Akron metropolitan area saw the most growth and the Cleveland metropolitan area the 15th-most between 2000 and 2008.

In its annual release of American Community Survey statistics, the U.S. Census Bureau published data covering more than 40 topics for 2010, including income, poverty, and educational attainment. Median income declined and poverty rates increased in most of the nation's metropolitan areas, including Greater Cleveland. Suburban poverty rates continued to rise. The City of Cleveland remained among the nation's poorest large cities.

The Ohio Department of Development's Office of Policy Research and Strategic Planning prepared demographic profiles of the state's African-American, Asian-American, and Hispanic-American (PDFs) populations.

Between 2000 and 2010, the ten least-segregated metropolitan areas in the United States saw greater population growth than the ten most-segregated. The least-segregated metro areas were in the South and West, while the most-segregated (including Greater Cleveland) were in the Midwest and Northeast.

The Plain Dealer used IRS migration data to calculate net population losses and gains from domestic migration in the seven-county Greater Cleveland area.

Daniel Hartley and Kyle Fee of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland compared changes in population density in the Chicago and Cleveland metropolitan areas between 1950 and 2010. They concluded that "the big question for Cleveland is to what degree population loss at its core is a cause or consequence of its overall population loss."

An article in this month's issue of Cleveland Magazine explores the history of Linndale and its performance in the 2010 Census. The Census Bureau reported that Village's population grew from 117 in 2000 to 179 in 2010, an increase of 53%.

The U.S. Census Bureau released Census 2010 Summary File 1 data for Ohio. It includes detailed tables on "age, sex, households, families, relationship to householder, housing units, detailed race and Hispanic or Latino origin groups, and group quarters," and showed a 51% increase in same-sex partner households in Ohio between 2000 and 2010. Demographic profiles of Cuyahoga County communities are now available.

A new report from Ohio's Policy Research & Strategic Planning Office (PDF) compares state data from the 2010 Census with figures from previous decennial censuses.

A new report from the Brookings Institution used American Community Survey data to determine the educational attainment of immigrants in the nation's 100 largest metropolitan areas. It says that highly skilled foreign-born workers now outnumber lower-skilled ones, and that the five-county Cleveland (PDF) metropolitan area has a very high concentration of high-skilled immigrants.

The U.S. Census Bureau released 2010 Census demographic profiles for Ohio and several other states. They provide information at state, county, and city levels. The profiles show that Ohio's population aged over the last decade, while the West and South had younger populations. The number of single-parent households in Ohio increased, and the rate of home ownership decreased. The profile data is available through the Census Bureau's American Factfinder.

The Ohio EPA introduced its new brownfield inventory database. The web-based system is intended to aid in the identification and redevelopment (PDF) of brownfield sites and includes information about cleanup status, infrastructure improvements, historical land uses, and other subjects. Meanwhile, the state's Office of Strategic Research published its 2011 Ohio County Profiles. The document features demographic information gathered from more than 50 sources.

Participants on last Wednesday's Sound of Ideas program discussed sustainable urban development, and on Thursday talked about the implications of the 2010 Census figures.

The Plain Dealer compared the U.S. Census Bureau's 2009 population estimates to the 2010 Census figures, and also examined local migration patterns. Cleveland's African-American population is suburbanizing and its Latino population is growing. Racial segregation continues to be an issue.

National media outlets are focusing on population declines in older industrial cities, and Terry Schwarz of the Cleveland Urban Design Collaborative discussed the subject on the Diane Rehm Show. Terry Schwarz and Brad Whitehead contributed opinion pieces to a set of commentaries in the New York Times. In Shelterforce, Alan Mallach explored how community development corporations are responding to the demographic changes. Greater Ohio's Lavea Brachman looked to Europe for ideas.

Update: WKSU's M. L. Schultze spoke with Kimberly Phillips of the College of William & Mary about local African-American history.

While the City of Cleveland and other older industrial cities experienced population decreases between 2000 and 2010, they also saw substantial population growth in their downtowns. On March 23, the City Club will host a forum on the state of downtown Cleveland.

The release of Census 2010 population figures prompted a variety of local responses. Dennis Kucinich attributed Cleveland's population decline to the loss of manufacturing jobs, while Bill Callahan drew connections between the population decrease and foreclosure levels. An editorial in the Akron Beacon Journal suggested that "initiatives to rein in expensive sprawl are more important than ever," but a Morning Journal editorial said that "Lorain County needs to capitalize on its growth image".

Update: a Plain Dealer editorial took a more optimistic approach.

The U.S. Census Bureau today published the first set of detailed Census 2010 demographics for Ohio, redistricting data that covers population, race, Hispanic origin, and housing occupancy. Between 2000 and 2010, the population of Cuyahoga County fell by 113,856 to 1,280,122, a decrease of 8.2%. The City of Cleveland's population declined by 17.1% to 396,815, and most of its inner-ring suburbs also lost population. The populations of Cleveland Heights and Euclid each fell below 50,000, putting their status as entitlement communities into question. Lakewood's population remained over 50,000. We have posted population figures for Cuyahoga County communities and will provide other tables soon.

The eight-county Cleveland-Akron CSA's population declined by only 2.2%, as Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Medina, and Portage counties gained population. The City of Columbus grew by 10.6%, but all of Ohio's other major cities saw population decreases. The Census Bureau will release additional data in the coming months.

Update: area newspapers reported on the release, including the Plain Dealer, Akron Beacon Journal, News-Herald, Morning Journal, Chronicle-Telegram, Record-Courier, and the Medina County Gazette. In addition to posting the Cuyahoga County population figures, we posted data and maps on the county's racial distribution, Latino population, and housing occupancy.

Update 2: Ohio's Office of Policy Research and Strategic Planning compiled population data for every county, city, village, and township (PDF) in the state.

Update 3: the Plain Dealer published a corrected population change map.

Leaders of local governments, businesses, and nonprofits will serve on the board of Global Cleveland, an initiative scheduled to launch in May. The group seeks to make Cleveland more welcoming to immigrants and to assist immigrants after they arrive. They hope to attract 200,000 immigrants and minorities over the next 20 years.

Update: a Global Cleveland video describes the initiative, and a Plain Dealer editorial backs the effort.

A new study from Enterprise Community Partners "examines the value of parcel-level real estate data for neighborhood stabilization programs in general, and looks specifically at how the Northeast Ohio Community and Neighborhood Data for Organizing system (NEO CANDO) is used in Cleveland."

Nepali refugees from Bhutan are settling in Cleveland Heights and South Euclid. The Northeast Ohio community may eventually exceed 1,000 people.

The U.S. Census Bureau released national and state population totals, the first data from the 2010 Census. As of April 1, 2010, the population of the United States was 308,745,538, an increase of 9.7% since 2000. Ohio's population was 11,536,504, an increase of 1.6%. Because Ohio's population grew more slowly than other states, especially those in the South and West, the state will lose two congressional seats.

Update: a Plain Dealer editorial says that the changes will require Ohio's congressional delegation to "work together more closely than ever, without regard to partisan or geographic divides, on issues that have a major impact on the state's economy and competitiveness."

"Immigration: Path to Prosperity or Calamity?" (PDF) is the newest report from PolicyBridge. Among other immigration policy recommendations, it says that "Encouraging population growth in Ohio - and Cuyahoga County, specifically - through immigration must be an imperative to offset the outflow of residents to other parts of the country. Regardless of ethnic background, the emphasis must be on attracting new residents to the state and region."

Update: a Plain Dealer article looked at the local African-American community's evolving opinions about immigration.

The new American Community Survey five-year estimates have elicited a range of interpretations:

The U.S. Census Bureau published its first set of five-year American Community Survey estimates. The release includes information about smaller units of geography and topics that were previously only available through the decennial census. It covers 72 topics for the period between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2009. The estimates show a country that continues to become more urbanized and more integrated, although segregation remains an issue. They also reveal a variety of details about Greater Cleveland. The Census Bureau will issue new five-year ACS estimates every year, and will release the first data from the 2010 Census on December 21.

At the Urbanophile, Aaron Renn used U.S. Census Bureau and IRS data to separate domestic migration statistics into in-migration and out-migration figures. He found that several Midwestern metropolitan areas, including Greater Cleveland, did not have disproportionally high out-migration rates, but did experience very low in-migration rates.

Meanwhile, Professor David Barnhizer wrote in a Plain Dealer op-ed that Cleveland needs to make itself more attractive to high-skilled international immigrants. The Knight Foundation and Gallup recently completed the Soul of the Community survey, a three-year study of community attachment in 26 American cities. One of its findings in Akron was that new residents felt more attached to the city than residents who had lived there longer.

Shaping the State, a new report from Greater Ohio, compares demographic trends in Ohio and the nation from 2000 to 2008. It concludes that "demographic changes in Ohio reveal a state that is falling behind other states in some areas, but demonstrates strong potential in several others."

The Brookings Institution prepared two analyses of metropolitan poverty. They found rising levels of suburban poverty and growing overall poverty rates in the country's 100 largest metropolitan areas. In the five-county Cleveland MSA, the estimated poverty rate increased by 2.6% between 2007 and 2009, rising to 15.3%.

On Tuesday, the U.S. Census Bureau published data from the 2009 American Community Survey, and the release reflects the major impacts of the recession. Figures are available for areas with a population of at least 65,000. In Northeast Ohio and across the United States, median household incomes declined and poverty rates rose. The City of Cleveland's estimated 35.0% poverty rate was second-highest in the nation, trailing only Detroit.

Estimates released by the U.S. Census Bureau on Thursday show that the poverty rate in the United States was 14.3% in 2009, up from 13.2% in 2008, while median household income remained flat. Minority populations were disproportionately affected. In Ohio, the poverty rate decreased from 13.7% to 13.3%, a change within the survey's margin of error. Median household income in Ohio fell from $49,811 to $46,318, below the national median of $49,945. The Census Bureau will release more detailed figures later this month.

Update: an Akron Beacon Journal editorial concludes that the numbers make a "compelling case for both short-term measures that provide relief and longer-term measures that will reduce poverty."

Update 2: WCPN's Sound of Ideas explored suburban poverty in Northeast Ohio.

The Jewish Federation of Cleveland hired Kauser Razvi to develop plans for the proposed Cleveland International Welcome Center in downtown Cleveland.

Mark Salling and Ellen Cyran of the Levin College of Urban Affairs expect that the 2010 Census will report that the City of Cleveland's population remains over 400,000. Lake and Geauga county officials anticipate modest population increases.

The U.S. Census Bureau released 2009 municipal population estimates, the final set of estimates to be based on Census 2000 data. The City of Cleveland's population fell to 431,363, with an estimated loss of 2,658 people between July 2008 and July 2009. The 0.61% rate of decrease was lower than the estimated decreases of recent years. While most Cuyahoga County communities lost population, many communities in the surrounding six counties gained population. The City of Avon grew by an estimated 52% between 2000 and 2009.

A new report by Becky Gaylord (PDF) for the Jewish Federation of Cleveland explores why and how Greater Cleveland should encourage immigration, and presents 31 strategies that could be used to support immigration.

The Maltz Family Foundation donated $50,000 to the effort to establish an international welcome center in Cleveland. It's the first foundation support for the initiative.

Update: a Plain Dealer editorial cheered the announcement.

The State of Metropolitan America is a new report from the Brookings Institution. It "focuses on the major demographic forces transforming the nation and large metropolitan areas in the 2000s" and says "that our nation faces five 'new realities,' currently redefining the country." It also sorts the country's metropolitan areas into seven categories, placing the Cleveland MSA in the Industrial Core classification, which it describes as "in some ways the most demographically disadvantaged of the metropolitan types." Local leaders and academics expressed concern about the demographic trends.

Update: the News-Herald backs the report's recommendations.

Backers of a proposed Cleveland international welcome center are developing strategies for attracting international immigrants to the area.

Update: a Plain Dealer editorial says that Cleveland's leaders must support the concept. Participants on Channel 3's Between the Lines also discussed the subject.

The U.S. Census Bureau's annual county population estimates say that Cuyahoga County's population fell by 7,171 people between July 2008 and July 2009. The decrease of 0.56% was smaller than in previous years, but Cleveland State's Tom Bier believes that outmigration will increase once the economy improves. The eight-county Cleveland CSA lost an estimated 2,990 residents over the same period. Many of the decade's fastest-growing counties were in Texas.

Update: the Plain Dealer looked at the trends.

Author Richard Herman asserted that "immigration provides the only way for cities like Cleveland to generate the kind of numbers needed to make up for decades of mass out-migration." NEOtropolis explored some of the concepts of his book, and this week's issue of Scene made similar points. A recent Plain Dealer editorial urged local leaders to open an international welcome center.

As the U.S. Census Bureau prepares to start mailing 2010 Census forms, the Plain Dealer highlighted the importance of obtaining an accurate count in Northeast Ohio. A recent Sound of Ideas program was also devoted to a discussion of the subject.

Update: the Census Bureau is encouraging households to complete and mail back their census forms, and a Plain Dealer editorial says that "a failure to tabulate everyone will ripple negative effects."

The U.S. Census Bureau classified much of Cleveland as a "hard to count" (PDF) area for the 2010 Census. One of the Bureau's Portrait of America Road Tour vehicles is visiting locations in Northeast Ohio.

A new report from the Brookings Institution shows the growth in suburban poverty between 2000 and 2008. Poverty levels in the suburbs of the nation's largest metropolitan areas increased almost five times faster than the levels of core cities. The unemployment rate also rose more quickly in the suburbs. In the Cleveland metro area, the share of the poor living in the suburbs grew by 9.3%, the second-largest increase in the nation. An earlier report examined the changes from 1999 to 2005.

Update: WKSU's Jeff St. Clair interviewed Elizabeth Kneebone, the report's author.

At a Levin College Forum on January 21, landscape architect James Corner will present the three conceptual designs for Cleveland's Public Square. Also on the 21st, the City Club will host a panel discussion about the state of downtown Cleveland. On January 29, a Levin College Forum will discuss the 2010 Census.

Richard Moe, the outgoing president of the National Trust for Historic Preservation, encourages shrinking cities to act carefully when approaching the issues associated with population loss. He says that the process "should be carried out in the context of a carefully conceived master plan -- one that encourages input from all stakeholders and takes into account a range of considerations, including the historic value of the housing stock, in determining what stays and what must go."

A largely-South Asian community of international students is emerging around East 12th Street in downtown Cleveland. About 90% of the residents of the Chesterfield apartments are from India.

The U.S. Census Bureau released 2009 state population estimates today. Ohio's population grew by an estimated 189,505 between 2000 and July 2009, an increase of 1.7%. It was one of the nation's smaller growth rates. At the national scale, population growth slowed in the South and West over the last year. The recession has reduced domestic and international migration.

In the first five months after the Ohio Supreme Court invalidated municipal residency requirements, 296 Cleveland employees moved to other communities.

Census Bureau officials anticipate resistance from certain sectors to completing the 2010 Census. Ohio government and nonprofit groups have formed complete count committees.

A study of immigrants in the nation's largest metropolitan areas found that while the five-county Cleveland MSA's proportion of immigrants is relatively low, the area's immigrant population has made strong economic contributions. The study identified correlations between immigration and economic progress, saying that "there is no doubt that immigration and economic growth go hand in hand." In October, panelists on WCPN's Sound of Ideas discussed immigrant attraction.

CWRU's Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development mapped changes in food stamp recipients over time to illustrate the shifting demographics of Cuyahoga County.

Community Research Partners analyzed IRS migration data to identify the destinations of people moving from Ohio and the originations of people moving to Ohio. The report looked at migration between Ohio and the rest of the U.S., within the state, and within metropolitan areas. From 2007 to 2008, Ohio experienced a net loss of 35,692 residents through domestic migration.

Additional 2008 American Community Survey data released by the Census Bureau includes information about income, poverty (PDF), and food stamp receipts. The poverty rate rose in Ohio and the Midwest, while in Northeast Ohio, the number of people with incomes near the poverty line increased. An analysis by the Brookings Institution predicts that poverty rates will remain elevated for years.

The U.S. Census Bureau released 2008 American Community Survey data on Monday. Social, housing, demographic, and economic data are available for areas with populations of 65,000 or more. It showed decreases in median household income across Ohio, especially in the state's major cities. For the first time, the ACS included data on health insurance coverage, and Northeast Ohio's big cities had a greater percentage of people without coverage than state and national averages.

The annual Dashboard of Economic Indicators compared the economic performance of Northeast Ohio's metropolitan areas with other American metropolitan areas. It found that the area's economy improved between 2004 and 2007, but noted that it is "unclear how the region will fare after the present recession ends." The Dashboard site has not yet been updated with the latest figures.

Update: the Chronicle-Telegram offers more details.

Family Homelessness in Cuyahoga County, a new paper from the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, examined data on families at risk of becoming homeless and on those using residential homeless services. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development also released a pair of reports about changes in homelessness at the national level. The 2008 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (PDF) found increasing rates of family homelessness in suburban and rural areas. Cleveland and Cuyahoga County were one of nine areas studied in the agency's first Homeless Pulse Project (PDF) report.

The U.S. Census Bureau's annual subcounty population estimates state that Cleveland's population was 433,748 in July 2008, which is 4,265 people below the 2007 estimate. The figures reflect similar changes at the county level and in other urban areas. Population losses slowed in urban cores and growth slowed in exurban areas. Cleveland lost 0.97% of its population, an improvement over last year's loss of 1.11%. The Plain Dealer chose to highlight a more negative angle, focusing on the estimated population decrease of 43,724 between 2000 and 2008.

Update: CSU's Mark Salling talked about the estimates on WCPN. Dr. Salling was also among the guests on the station's Sound of Ideas program devoted to the subject. Demographer William Frey of the Brookings Institution examined the trends on a national level.

Earlier in the decade, Philadelphia was listed alongside Cleveland as a former gateway for immigration, but it recently has re-emerged as a destination for immigrants. The Plain Dealer looked at the turnaround in Philadelphia and compared the situations in Cleveland and Philadelphia. Anne O'Callaghan, founder of the Welcoming Center for New Pennsylvanians, led a discussion about immigration at the City Club today.

Update: a Plain Dealer editorial says that Cleveland "needs a talent-attraction strategy that sees immigration as one of its cornerstones." Audio of O'Callaghan's talk (MP3, 58.0 MB) is now available.

New age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin population estimates released today by the U.S. Census Bureau show that Ohio's population remained virtually unchanged but continued to grow more diverse. Nationally, minority populations grew again, but more slowly than previously anticipated. The growth rates of Hispanic and Asian populations have started to decline, reflecting the recent drop in immigration levels.

Update: the Plain Dealer posted the figures for Greater Cleveland.

A Plain Dealer editorial says that Greater Cleveland "needs to re-establish itself as a magnet for new Americans" to again become "one of America's most prosperous cities." It also praises the Greater Cleveland Partnership for including immigration as one of the focus areas of its public policy agenda.

The U.S. Census Bureau's annual county population estimates show that Cuyahoga County lost 11,262 people between July 2007 and July 2008. However, the rate of decrease slowed for the second consecutive year. The County's rate of population change peaked at -1.32% in 2006, was -0.97% in 2007, and was -0.87% in 2008. The other four counties in the Cleveland MSA continued to gain population, but their increases did not completely offset the decrease in Cuyahoga County. The metropolitan area's population fell by 6,594 between July 2007 and July 2008. Population losses slowed across the Midwest, while increases slowed in the South and West. Some attribute the changes in migration patterns to the poor economy.

Last week, consultants for the City of South Euclid presented an analysis of the City's market potential. They examined lifestyle indicators and determined that in the near future, the City will be most appealing to younger couples and childless singles. The methodology (PDF) and indicator descriptions (PDF) are available for download. South Euclid officials are also seeking funding for a concept for renovating the City's bungalows.

New U.S. Census Bureau state population estimates say that Ohio gained 18,993 residents between July 2007 and July 2008. The 0.1% increase was one of the nation's slowest rates of growth. Between July 2000 and July 2008, the state grew by 1.1%, an increase of 121,767 people.

Update: an Akron Beacon Journal editorial says that the "anemic population growth makes it critical that this state and region develop an agenda that aims to restore and revitalize cities as the engines of job development and growth."

The population estimates recently released by the U.S. Census Bureau show that Euclid's African-American population continues to rise.

For the first time, the U.S. Census Bureau released American Community Survey data for all communities with a population greater than 20,000. Previous releases were limited to areas with more than 65,000 people. The estimates, which reflect data collected between 2005 and 2007, present an opportunity to evaluate demographic trends in mid-size cities. The release reveals information about population shifts in Cleveland's suburbs, declining household incomes in the Akron area, and regional poverty statistics. American Community Survey data can be accessed at American Factfinder and at

The third annual Dashboard of Economic Indicators found that the economic performance Northeast Ohio's four metropolitan areas continues to fall short of national and regional averages. The results correspond with earlier Dashboard reports and other national studies.

Update: the Morning Journal summarized the findings, while the Plain Dealer published a more optimistic story.

Statistics released by the BEA show that the five-county Cleveland MSA had the 26th-largest GDP of the nation's 363 metropolitan areas. However, it was also one of only 55 metropolitan areas to see a contraction of its economy between 2005 and 2006. The region's losses were attributed to a decline in manufacturing.

This morning, the U.S. Census Bureau released American Community Survey data covering 2007 social, economic, and housing characteristics. The data was interpreted in a variety of fashions:

Update: the Plain Dealer summarized the data for Cuyahoga County, the Cleveland and Akron metropolitan areas, Ohio, and the nation.

Best Performing Cities 2008 is a new report from the Milken Institute and Greenstreet Real Estate Partners that ranks U.S. metropolitan areas by "how well they are creating and sustaining jobs and economic growth." Of the 200 largest metropolitan areas studied, Greater Cleveland was ranked number 193. Most cities in Ohio and Michigan fared poorly on the list.

(via Planetizen)

Andrew Macurak writes that the U.S. Census Bureau's ranking of poorest and wealthiest cities is flawed, because it does not account for cities that have absorbed their suburbs, city-county consolidations, and similar situations. He suggests that a comparison of counties would more accurately depict the distribution of wealth.

(via Kaid Benfield)

Yesterday, the U.S. Census Bureau released annual income, poverty, and health insurance coverage statistics from the 2007 American Community Survey. In Cuyahoga County, the median household income grew from $41,522 in 2006 to $44,358 in 2007 (a 6.8% increase), while the poverty rate rose from 14.8% to 15.5% (a 4.7% increase). The City of Cleveland's poverty rate also rose, from 27.0% in 2006 to 29.5% in 2007, the nation's second-highest figure among big cities. Detroit had the highest poverty rate for the second consecutive year.

U.S. Census Bureau population estimates by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin indicate that between 2000 and 2007, Cuyahoga County's Asian population increased by 4,766 and its Latino population increased by 5,882, while the white population declined by 95,307 and the black population declined by 7,006. Nationwide, racial and ethnic minorities now comprise 43% of Americans under 20. The Census Bureau also projects that minorities will account for over half of the country's total population by 2042.

The Sun Press examined the causes of population declines in Cleveland Heights, Shaker Heights, and University Heights and how leaders have reacted to the changes.

A Plain Dealer editorial says that Cleveland and Northeast Ohio "need something new: An aggressive repopulation strategy that emphasizes immigration" in order to reverse the region's negative population trends.

The U.S. Census Bureau's annual subcounty population estimates indicate that Cleveland and its inner-ring suburbs continued to lose population. Between July 2006 and July 2007, Cleveland's population dropped by an estimated 5,067 people, about 1.1% of its total. While it was the largest numerical drop in the nation, it was a smaller annual decrease than in the last several estimates. Cleveland officials believe that the City is poised to start reversing the trends, and downtown Cleveland has been gaining population. Population tables are available for download from NODIS.

The U.S. Census Bureau released national and state population estimates by race, Hispanic origin, sex, and age. Between July 2006 and July 2007, Ohio's minority population grew by 22,403 people, a 1.1% increase. The state's white population shrank as baby boomers moved south and west, but the increases in African-American, Asian-American, and Latino populations more than offset the losses.

Parma officials decided to invest at least $240,000 over the next three years to draw attention to the Ukrainian Village that has emerged along State Road.

The U.S. Census Bureau's annual release of county population estimates shows that Cuyahoga County continued to lose population to its surrounding counties and to other states. Between July 2006 and July 2007, the county lost 13,304 people (about 1% of its population). Between 2000 and 2007, it lost 96,213 people (6.9% of its total), the biggest drop in the country. Ohio led the nation with seven of the 34 counties with the largest population declines.

Representatives of the Northeast Ohio First Suburbs Consortium met with Cleveland Magazine staff to discuss their concerns about the magazine's annual rating of Cleveland suburbs. Inner-ring suburban officials feel that the rankings unfairly favor exurban communities.

If Euclid's population falls below 50,000 in the 2010 Census, the City may lose its status as an entitlement community and the $1 million it receives annually in Community Development Block Grants.

An analysis of American Community Survey data by NODIS at Cleveland State University found that between 2000 and 2006, Greater Cleveland experienced an employment shift from manufacturing to the service sectors and a decline in the area's household income levels. A Plain Dealer editorial describes it as a "deepening of a distressing trend in Northeast Ohio".

On Tuesday, the US Census Bureau published its annual American Community Survey figures on income and poverty. Cleveland was ranked as the fourth poorest major city in the nation, an improvement over last year's number one ranking. The data showed that poverty remains a serious issue in cities across Ohio. In anticipation of the release, Mayor Jackson appeared on WCPN's Sound of Ideas to discuss poverty and other topics.

The 2007 Dashboard of Economic Indicators reports that Northeast Ohio's economic growth was again below national averages. The research was performed by Cleveland State University and funded by the Fund for Our Economic Future. They expect that "it will take at least a decade to see significant signs of economic improvement, particularly as measured by per capita income and job growth."

The attraction of immigrants to Northeast Ohio has not been seen as a tool for economic development, according to Mark Santo of the Cleveland Council of World Affairs, who is leading the Immigration Blueprint Project to show how regional growth can be aided by bringing in new residents from around the world.

The U.S. Census Bureau released population estimates by age, sex, race, and ethnicity for every county in the nation. In Ohio, minority populations are increasing and the non-Hispanic white population is decreasing. Nationwide, minority populations outnumber whites in about 10% of counties.

Mayor DePiero of Parma feels that the Census Bureau population estimates overstate the City's loss of population.

A Plain Dealer editorial says that Northeast Ohio must develop a strategy for attracting immigrants in order to revitalize the region's economy and staunch population losses.

The US Census Bureau's annual subcounty population estimates show that the City of Cleveland continues to rapidly lose population. The estimates say that between 2000 and 2006, the city lost 33,15 people, 6.9% of its population. Between July 2005 and July 2006, the city lost 6,247 people, 1.4% of its population. Most Great Lakes cities, including Akron, also lost population. and both offer forms for querying the estimates.

The US Census Bureau reports that the percentage of commuters driving alone has increased slightly since 2000. Half of the top ten cities in the nation for solo driving are in Ohio, with Canton at number one and Akron at number three. WKSU's Daniel Hockensmith interviewed AMATS transportation planner Jason Segedy about the report.

(Update: Another WKSU story has more details.)

The State of Poverty in Ohio 2007 (PDF), a new report from the Center for Community Solutions, says that as the national economy was improving, poverty and job losses went up in Ohio.

This morning's Sound of Ideas show on WCPN was devoted to a discussion of Cleveland Magazine's annual rating of Greater Cleveland suburbs. The guests were magazine Editor Steve Gleydura and Managing Editor Jim Vickers.

The Cleveland Catholic Diocese may close about 20% of its parishes, not the 10% initially reported. Up to 48 churches could be closed, with up to 25 of them in Cleveland. The Plain Dealer explored the potential impacts on the Lakewood cluster, and prepared maps showing the cluster boundaries and population change by parish.

The latest County Business Patterns release from the US Census Bureau says that the number of businesses in the US grew by 6% between 2000 and 2005, but that Cuyahoga County lost 3.4% of its businesses over the same period. Some local economic development experts assert that the report would look rosier if it included more recent data. illustrates the numbers with an infographic and an interactive map.

The Brookings Institution posted Audrey Singer's keynote speech from the Changing Face of Cities conference held in Cleveland earlier this month. As she did in 2004, she identified Cleveland as a former gateway city for immigrants.

WCPN took a quick look at last weekend's conference on the impact of immigrants on urban economies.

As Cleveland hosts The Changing Face of Cities conference, WCPN explored how Northeast Ohio is adjusting to the needs of recent immigrants. Eric Wellman interviewed Jonathan Bowles (MP3) and spoke with Scott Roulston about the role of immigrants (PDF) in the labor force.

Chris Varley points out that "Cleveland, Akron, Canton, and Youngstown have not benefited from an influx of new immigrants, nor has Ohio as a whole." The new Task Force on Cleveland as an International Community, which is seeking advice on how Cleveland can make itself more attractive to immigrants, held its first meeting on Thursday.

The Creativity Exchange analyzed the latest US metropolitan area population estimates and prepared graphs that show the cities with the greatest population losses, including Cleveland.

The international Shrinking Cities program will come to Cleveland beginning on April 20, when their exhibition opens at SPACES Gallery and at the Cleveland Urban Design Center. Nicole Minten-Jung, Shrinking Cities Assistant Curator, will speak at the UDC before the gallery opening on the 20th, and a symposium will be held on May 11 at Josaphat Arts Hall. Additional events and lectures are planned. It will run through June 8.

Metropolitan area population estimates released yesterday by the US Census Bureau show that the fastest-growing areas of the nation continue to be the South and the West, and that immigration is keeping many areas from shrinking. They say that the estimated population of the Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor MSA fell from 2,148,010 in 2005 to 2,114,155 in 2006, a loss of 1.6%.

(via The Creativity Exchange and Crain's Cleveland Business)

The latest US Census Bureau county population estimates show continued population losses in Greater Cleveland. Between July 2005 and July 2006, Cuyahoga County lost an estimated 16,187 people, and the seven county area lost 11,475. Medina County was again Northeast Ohio's fastest-growing county, with an estimated 12.1% population increase since 2000. provides an interactive map showing population change in Ohio between 2000 and 2006.

(Update: Paul Oyaski and Mark Rosentraub discussed the figures with Regina Brett on Friday's Sound of Ideas show on WCPN.)

Each year, thousands of seniors move from Florida to Ohio, most because they want to live near their families. Many of them have disabilities or other heath concerns. "A typical scenario sees retirees begin as part-time Florida residents - snowbirds - in their 60s and full-time Floridians in their 70s. Then, in their 80s, they return to be near family." This morning's installment of The Sound of Ideas on WCPN was devoted to a discussion of the trend.

North Ridgeville has become one of the fastest growing cities in Northeast Ohio. 2,741 houses were built in the City between 2000 and 2006, the most in the region. City officials say 400 homes could be built this year, with 4,000 more expected in the next 10 years.

A new report from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development says that there were 754,000 homeless people in the country in 2005. The one-night survey counted 2,208 homeless people (PDF) in Cuyahoga County, but advocates for the homeless feel that the actual number is higher.

The growing problem of suburban poverty continues to attract attention, and several Cleveland suburbs served as examples in a recent Newsweek article. Meanwhile, the Plain Dealer examined how the problem is affecting Medina County.

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